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GSM Spectrum Allocation

In principle the GSM system can be implemented in any frequency band. However there are several bands where GSM terminals are, or will shortly be available. Furthermore, GSM terminals may incorporate one or more of the GSM frequency bands listed below to facilitate roaming on a global basis.

Frequency Range
GSM400 450.4 - 457.6 MHz paired with 460.4 - 467.6 MHz
478.8 - 486 MHz paired with 488.8 - 496 MHz

GSM 850 824 - 849 MHz paired with 869 - 894 MHz

GSM900 880 - 915 MHz paired with 925 - 960 MHz

GSM1800 1710 - 1785 MHz paired with 1805 - 1880 MHz

GSM1900 1850 - 1910 MHz paired with 1930 - 1990 MHz

In the above bands mobile stations transmit in the lower frequency sub-band and base stations transmit in the higher frequency sub-band.

The third generation frequencies for IMT-2000 were identified by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in 1992 and appear as No. S5.388 of the Radio Regulations:

S5.388 The bands 1 885-2 025 MHz and 2 110-2 200 MHz are intended for use, on a worldwide basis, by administrations wishing to implement International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 (IMT-2000). Such use does not preclude the use of these bands by other services to which they are allocated. The bands should be made available for IMT-2000 in accordance with Resolution 212 (Rev.WRC-97).

Terrestrial IMT-2000 services will operate in the FDD mode in the bands 1920 - 1980 MHz paired with 2110 - 2170 MHz with mobile stations transmitting in the lower sub-band and base stations transmitting in the upper sub-band. The bands 1885 - 1920 MHz and 2010 - 2025 MHz are unpaired for TDD operation. Administrations and Regional Regulatory Telecommunication Organizations should be consulted concerning any specific national or regional arrangements for IMT-2000.

GSM Association Members will, subject to commercial, operational and regulatory considerations, commence the introduction of third generation IMT-2000 services from 2002.

IMT-2000 (third generation) Extension Bands

At the May-June 2000 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-2000) the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) will identify additional IMT-2000 frequency bands. The GSM Associations position on the matter is as follows:

In addition to the frequency bands currently designated for IMT-2000 in number S5.388 of the Radio Regulations (the IMT-2000 core-band) and those bands which in 2005 are utilised by administrations for second-generation public land mobile services in their territories (e.g. GSM 900, 1800 and 1900), the frequency bands 698 to 806 MHz, 2500 to 2690 MHz and 2700 to 2900 MHz should be non-exclusively designated for the use of IMT-2000 to provide from 2005 for up to an additional 160 MHz of spectrum for IMT-2000.

Subject to commercial demand, the 160 MHz of additional spectrum should be available in its entirety prior to 2010.

Existing second generation bands (including GSM bands) 806 to 960 MHz, 1429 to 1501 MHz and 1710 to 1885 MHz should be confirmed as very long term IMT-2000 bands and studies commenced to pave their way for formal identification at a subsequent WRC.

They should NOT be identified at WRC-2000 as IMT-2000 extension bands since they will continue to be extensively used for GSM (and other second generation systems) for a long period of time for both GSM and in multi-mode GSM/IMT-2000 terminals to supplement IMT-2000 coverage.

All the bands (extension and existing second generation bands) should be allocated in all ITU regions on a primary basis to the mobile service (if not already so allocated) in the ITU Radio Regulations.

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(The Regional Telecommunication Organisation for the Americas) This site provides information on CITEL PCC III's views for WRC-2000.

(The Regional Telecommunication Organisation for Europe) This site leads the reader to various aspects of WRC preparation in Europe. Navigating around the ERO site will enable the browsing of CEPT ERC regulatory provisions concerning IMT-2000/3GSM.

(The Regional Telecommunication Organisation for the Asia Pacific region)

(United States Administration) The US administrations WRC-2000 preparation pages.

European Commission
Here you may refer to GSM Europe's views on spectrum matters contained in their contribution to the Spectrum Green Paper published by the European Commission.

UMTS Forum
At this site it is possible to download some key UMTS reports dealing with spectrum, which have been used as an essential element in the IMT-2000 spectrum model developed by the ITU. | | | | | | | |

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